A bunion is when your big toe points toward the second toe. This causes a bump to appear on the outside edge of your toe. Bunions are more common in women and can sometimes run in families. People born with abnormal bones in their feet are more likely to form a bunion.
When a bunion first begins to develop, take good care of your feet.
If the bunion gets worse and more painful, surgery to realign the toe and remove the bony bump (bunionectomy) can be effective. There are more than 100 different surgical procedures to treat this condition. Not every bunion is the same, nor is every bunion surgery the same. We take an individualized approach to each patient’s condition.
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Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe, in which the end of the toe is bent downward into a claw-like position. The most common cause of hammer toe is wearing short, narrow shoes that are too tight, which force the toe into a bent position. At first, you may be able to move and straighten the toe. Over time, you will no longer be able to move the toe and it will be painful.
Wearing the right size shoes and avoiding high heels can relieve symptoms associated with hammer toe. For people with severe hammer toe, surgery may be required. This involves cutting of bone and/or moving tendons and ligaments in the foot. Patients are able to go home the same day as surgery.
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A fracture is a break in the bone, and can be characterized into two categories:
Traumatic fracture: also known as acute fractures, these are caused by a direct blow or impact to your foot, such as seriously stubbing your toe, and can be characterized as being displaced or nondisplaced. Displaced fractures are characterized as the bone being broken in a way that changes the position.
Stress fracture: common in athletes, stress fractures are small, hairline breaks in the bone typically caused by repetitive stress. They can also be caused by an abnormal foot structure, deformity, osteoporosis, or improper footwear.
Treatment for toe and metatarsal fractures depend on the severity of the injury, and may include rest, immobilization, and in severe cases where the break is displaced, surgery may be needed. Physical therapy, exercises and rehabilitation may be included as follow-up care to return you to normal activities.
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